Sometime when people want to be critical of the bible they point to passages in the bible that they call “errors”. An issue that some critics raise are what they perceive as chronological errors. Some critics look at stories that are out of chronological sequence as a proof that the bible is made up. Yet if we look at modern day film making, we may have a clue to why some passages in the bible seem out of chronological order.
For example in Judges 1:1 we read that Joshua died, yet in Judges 2:6 we read that Joshua is still alive sending out the nations then dies again. Did the author get it wrong? Is this a chronological error? Is this a different Joshua? In Genesis 10 we read that after the flood, people filled the earth yet in Genesis 11 all the people are back in the one place, is this right?
It seems that some people look at these literary tools as “errors” in the bible but when it happens in modern movies we all call these “flashbacks”. Whilst I use this term here I have to be careful because the ancient writers didn’t use the term “flashbacks”. However if you want to explain some literary tools of the bible in terms that young people might understand then you can suggest the parallel to flash backs in modern movies.
For example in the movie Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy we see one character go into an optometrist to get a new pair of glasses. Whilst the scene is quiet boring and might seem unimportant, the film maker uses the two different set of eyewear to show different periods of time in flashbacks. When the character is wearing the old set of glasses the audience knows it is a flashback without the date having to appear on the screen.
So flashback to the example in Judges, the author is reminding the reader that Joshua sent out the nations to fill Canaan because it explains the problems Israel faced in chapter 1 and the rest of the book. So Judges 2:6-8 is like a mini flashback to remind the reader of an important point for interpreting the future chapters.
Likewise with the earlier reference to Genesis 10 and 11. In Genesis 10 the author is showing what happened after the flood involving Noah and so finishes the narrative with the people filling all the earth, which would have taken some time. In Genesis 11 the author has a flashback account to explain why the people dispersed rather than stay together in the one place. This is not a chronological error in the bible, simply a literary tool that the author uses to tell compelling accounts of God and God’s people.
What other “flashbacks” can you see in the Bible? Leave a comment.